Navigating Legal Resources: Empowering Survivors to Seek Justice

by Tammie Nielsen


Survivors of domestic violence often face immense challenges in seeking justice and safety. Navigating the legal system can be daunting, but knowing the resources available can empower survivors to take the first steps toward reclaiming their lives. Here, we will explore some of the legal resources available to survivors of domestic violence, including restraining orders, protective measures, and legal assistance.

Understanding Domestic Violence:

Before diving into legal resources, it is crucial to understand what domestic violence entails. Domestic violence goes beyond physical abuse and can include emotional, psychological, financial, and sexual abuse. It can occur in any relationship, regardless of gender, race, or socioeconomic status. Recognizing the signs of abuse and acknowledging that it is never acceptable is vital in supporting survivors to seek help.

In Texas, a Protective Order is a civil legal document issued by a court to provide protection and safety to a survivor of domestic violence. There are different kinds of Protective Orders for victims of domestic abuse, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking and human trafficking. These orders are designed to prevent an abuser from engaging in further harmful or threatening behavior towards the survivor and other individuals covered by the order, such as family members or household members.

Texas Protective Order typically includes the following key elements:

  1. Prohibition of Contact: The order usually mandates that the abuser must refrain from any form of contact with the survivor. This includes physical contact, phone calls, emails, text messages, social media interactions, or any other means of communication.
  2. Stay Away: The order may require the abuser to stay a certain distance from the survivor, the survivor’s home, workplace, school, or any other specified location where the survivor may frequently be present.
  3. No Harassment: The order prohibits the abuser from engaging in any harassing behavior or stalking the survivor. This ensures survivors can go about their daily lives without fear of constant intimidation or surveillance.
  4. Surrender of Firearms: In cases where the abuser possesses firearms or other weapons, the protective order requires the surrender of these items to the authorities during the duration of the order. This is true in All protective orders and in All states unless the abuser is a licensed, full-time employed peace officer.
  5. Child Custody and Visitation: If the survivor and the abuser share children, the protective order may address child support, child custody and visitation arrangements to ensure the safety and well-being of the children.
  6. Temporary Possession of Property: In some cases, the order may grant the survivor temporary possession of the residence or personal belongings, particularly if the survivor needs to vacate the shared home due to safety concerns.
  7. Kick-Out Order: This would order the offender to leave the home they share with the survivor.
  8. Counseling or Treatment: The protective order may require the abuser to attend counseling or treatment programs as a condition for lifting the order in the future.
  9. Fees: A court can order the abuser to pay court costs and attorney fees.

It is essential to note that obtaining a Protective Order in Texas involves a legal process that requires the survivor to file a petition with the court. The survivor must provide evidence of domestic violence or the threat of violence to support their request for the order.

Here are some ways to apply for a protective order.

  • Contact your local county or district attorney’s office.
  • Contact your local family or domestic violence shelter. To find one locally, call 713473-0753. To find one nationally, call 800-799-SAFE (7233)
  • Contact your local legal aid office. Houston area, you can contact AVDA.
  • Hire a private attorney.

Protective Measures:

Aside from protective orders, survivors have access to several protective measures to ensure their safety:

  1. Safe Houses/Shelters: Many organizations provide safe houses or shelters where survivors can find temporary refuge from their abusers. These shelters offer a safe environment, necessities, and emotional support.
  2. Safety Planning: Professionals trained in domestic violence advocacy can help survivors create safety plans tailored to their specific circumstances. These plans outline steps to take in case of an emergency and identify resources that can offer assistance.
  3. Confidentiality and Privacy: In some cases, survivors may be eligible for confidential court proceedings to protect their identity and location from the abuser.

 Legal Assistance:

Legal assistance is crucial in empowering survivors to navigate the complex legal system. Many organizations and attorneys specialize in domestic violence cases and can provide invaluable support throughout the legal process.

  1. Domestic Violence Advocates: These professionals are trained to offer survivors emotional support, resources, and guidance. They can accompany survivors to court proceedings, ensuring they understand their rights and available legal options.
  2. Pro Bono Legal Services: Some lawyers and law firms offer services at reduced or no cost for survivors with limited financial means, ensuring they have access to legal representation.
  3. Legal Aid Organizations: Nonprofit legal aid organizations often have resources to help survivors with legal matters, including filing for protective orders and child custody issues.


It is essential to raise awareness about the legal resources available to survivors of domestic violence. Empowering survivors to seek justice and safety through restraining orders, protective measures, and legal assistance is crucial in breaking the cycle of abuse. By fostering a supportive community and offering accessible legal resources, we can stand together in solidarity with survivors as they take the brave steps towards healing and reclaiming their lives. Remember, we all have a role in eradicating domestic violence and promoting a safer, more compassionate society.